Impact of Education on Fertility in Latin America

I am very interested in Latin America because I studied abroad in Buenos Aires last semester, so when I found this report I was very interested about what it said. The information was taken from this report:

There are two main points that I took away from this article. First, according to the Demographic and Health Surveys in Latin America, women who are better educated tend to have fewer kids (2 to 3). Women with less education tend to have larger families, ranging between 6 to 7 kids. What is interesting though is that when it comes to desired family size, preferences do not differ much by educational attainment, according to the data shown. Less educated women share the same norm as educated women and want smaller families, but these women are less successful in implementing such goals because there is such a large gap in contraceptive use (20-50 percentage points).

Table 2 shown below demonstrates how the region of Latin America is where the education-fertility relationship is the strongest. This table confirms “the wide fertility differentials among educational groups.” It’s interesting to see how the total fertility rate (TFR) between the most and least educated women ranges from 3.2 children in the Dominican Republic to 4.9 children in Peru. In addition, table 2 also reveals just how divided society is in Latin America when it comes to “reproductive strategies.” Contraceptive practices are linked to education, so generally speaking, “the lower the national level of contraceptive prevalence, the larger the gap in contraceptive behavior between poorly and better educated women.” For instance, it is shocking to see the wide gap in percentage points between different countries as table 2 shows. The differences range from “20 % in Colombia and Dominican Republic to more than 40 percentage points in Bolivia, Ecuador, Guatemala, Mexico, and Peru.”

Based on data, this shows that more needs to be done to make sure that all women receive a proper education because it so important for the future.

Fertility in Latin america


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