This is Marie Curie, for those unaware she is one of the coolest women in history. She is known for her work on radioactivity. She was also the first woman in history to win the Nobel Prize, the only woman in history to win in two fields, and the only person in history to win in multiple sciences. That’s pretty incredible! And as if that’s not cool enough she also was the first female professor at the University of Paris. So she’s all around pretty amazing, and believe it or not she was also friends with the Einstein’s and went on vacation with them. She was definitely one inspiring woman, not only for women during that era, but even women today.
This is Albert Einstein’s wife, who was just as smart as he was! They worked together at various colleges and even when they got married she continued to work, which was unlike women in her time. Normally, when a woman would get married she would no longer work so she and her husband could start their family. But in the case of the Einstein’s she continued work, and even though they had a child they made sure to raise him together. Albert Einstein was not only smart, but more progressive than most. She actually helped Einstein out with his most famous papers, but she was not given real credit until recently. She was a phenomenal woman, who was one of the very first to obtain a degree in physics.
This article, written in 1909, was written by a woman! Believe it or not, every woman did not necessarily agree that women belonged in the sciences. The question if women should receive education began to form into the question of what women should be learning about. During this time, women were also fighting for the right to vote, so needless to say there was a lot going on for them. “Household sciences” started becoming more prevalent because they wanted to keep women aiming towards the domestic sphere, while also agreeing that they should receive education. These reasons listed in the picture posted about why household arts should be taught all end up relating back to the child or student who will inevitably be prosperous if women were educated in this field. The reality was, it was not really about the women at all, instead it was about what the women could do for the rest of the population.
This is M. Carey Thomas who was the second President of Bryn Mawr College. She was an incredibly influential women. She was a founder of the John’s Hopkins School of Medicine and was large proponent of women’s suffrage. She went through a lot of hardship in order to gain the status she did. When she originally applied to be the president of the college, she was denied but she persevered. Later on in her career she went on to become the first president of the National College Women’s Equal Suffrage League. She was an inspiration to women of that time and still to women today. It was through her determination and commitment that she became such an important leader in women’s education.
“Over two-hundred and fifty colleges and universities are giving definite courses of instruction in household science.”
-Journal of National Education 1916 p.39
That’s right! Back in 1916 there was such a thing as “household science,” which basically meant that women would go to school to be better stay at home wives and mothers. It taught them the importance of how to be as efficient in the home as possible. During this period they were proud that women could pursue these degrees, not to say that we are not proud of all the stay at home moms out there. It was considered not feminine, and was almost unheard of to want to pursue a degree in math and science. A woman retaining her femininity was more important then receiving a higher education at this time, which seems pretty baffling in comparison to now.
This is a website that i found to be particularly interesting. It gives an overview of women’s struggle to be accepted in the educational world. But this is the recounting of women in England’s struggle, which proves to be similar to the struggles of women in the United Stated. The title of the page is “HerStoria” and the description reads “History that puts woman in her place,” but the entire article is empowering women, and talks about some of the biggest struggles that women even today deal with. An example of this would be how even today men dominate the world of math and science, even though there are more women getting into the field, the ratio of men to women in the math and science field is 3:1. Ultimately this website helps to shows the advances that women have made.